ABRAHAM, KARL

ABRAHAM, KARL (1877–1925), German psychoanalyst. Born in Bremen to religious parents, Abraham was Germany's first psychoanalyst and a major figure in both the organizational and scientific development of psychoanalysis. Abraham received his early clinical experience at a mental hospital in Dalldorf. He became acquainted with Freud's work through Bleuler and Jung in Zurich, and first met Freud in 1907. A deep friendship and professional alliance bound the two men until Abraham's death. Abraham's work covered almost every field of psychoanalysis, but his most significant contributions through pioneering studies were in the fields of libidinal development, character formation, the psychoses, and addiction. He investigated the effects of infantile sexuality and family relationships on the child's mental development, and drew a correlation between characteristic mental disorders and the problems at different stages of the child's mental development. Toward the end of his life, Abraham concentrated almost exclusively on manic-depressive psychosis, where he paralleled and deepened Freud's work. This work is written up in his paper of 1911 translated in 1927 as "Notes on the Psychoanalytic Investigation and Treatment of Manic-Depressive Insanity and Allied Conditions." Abraham related melancholia to regression to the oral level and to the loss of love and its patterning after mourning. Schizophrenia, too, is a regression from a traumatic situation to an early infantile level of development. Abraham was president of the Berlin Psychoanalytical Society from its founding until his death. He was also secretary (1922–24), and then president (1924–25), of the International Psychoanalytical Association. Most of his research work appears in his Clinical Papers and Essays on Psychoanalysis (1955) and his published correspondence with Freud in A Psychoanalytic Dialogue (1965). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Jones, in: International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 7 (1926), 155–81 (includes bibliography); E. Glover, in: L. Eidelberg (ed.), Encyclopedia of Psychoanalysis (1968), 1–8 and index; M. Grotjahn, in: F. Alexander et al. (eds.), Psychoanalytic Pioneers (1966), 142–59. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Abraham, Karl Abraham. Sein Leben fuer die Psychoanalyse (1976).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Abraham, Karl — (1877 1925)    Freudian theorist; established the first in stitute for training psychoanalysts. Born to a prosperous and cultured Jewish home in Bremen, he earned a medical degree at Freiburg and then took a post in a hospital near Burgholzli,… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Abraham, Karl — born May 3, 1877, Bremen, Ger. died Dec. 25, 1925, Berlin German psychoanalyst. He helped establish the first branch of the International Psychoanalytic Institute in 1910 and pioneered the psychoanalytic treatment of manic depressive psychosis… …   Universalium

  • Abraham, Karl — (1877 1925)    German psychoan alyst. Born in Germany, he completed his medical studies in 1901. In 1905 he began to work as a psychiatrist at the Burgholzi clinic in Zurich where he came into contact with C.G. Jung and Eugen Bleuler. In 1907 he… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Abraham, Karl — ► (1877 1925) Psicólogo y psicoanalista alemán. Se hizo famoso por sus estudios sobre la formación del carácter. Partiendo del concepto de regresión, ha elaborado una teoría de los estadios regresivos, según la cual atribuye a cada uno de estos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Karl Abraham — (Brême 1877 Berlin 1925) est un médecin et psychanalyste allemand. C est l un des pionniers de la psychanalyse. Plaque commémorative à la maison de Abraham, à Grunewald, Berlin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Karl Abraham — (3 de mayo de 1877 en Bremen 25 de diciembre de 1925 en Berlín) fue un psicoanalista alemán, uno de los primeros discípulos de Sigmund Freud, con quien mantuvo correspondencia. En una ocasión Freud se refirió a él como «mi mejor alumno».[1]… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ABRAHAM (K.) — ABRAHAM KARL (1877 1925) Psychanalyste allemand, un des plus fidèles et des plus orthodoxes disciples de Freud. Né à Brême dans une famille juive hanséatique, Karl Abraham reçoit d’abord une formation médicale classique. C’est à Zurich, dans la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abraham (Vorname) — Abraham ist ein männlicher Vorname, kommt aber auch als Familienname vor. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstage 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträger 4.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham — V. «seno de Abraham». * * * Abraham. □ V. seno de Abraham. * * * Abraham (en hebreo, אַבְרָהָם, en árabe, ابراهيم, Ibrāhīm), es uno de los patriarcas del pueblo de Israel; según la Biblia, debió de nacer en Ur de los caldeos, en la desembocadura… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Karl Komzák junior — (vor 1897) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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